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Sanskrit dan Islam Asia Tenggara: Bumi Pertiwi itu Syirik?

Sanskrit dan Islam Asia Tenggara: Bumi Pertiwi itu Syirik? | NU Online LTN Nahdlatul Ulama Jawa Barat

Menachem Ali, Airlangga UniversityGurukula merupakan istilah bahasa Sanskrit dalam tradisi Hindu, maknanya sepadan dengan istilah “pesantren” dalam tradisi Islam Asia Tenggara. Istilah “gurukula” merupakan gabungan dari 2 kata, “guru” (lit. “pengajar kitab suci Weda”), dan “kula” (lit. “kediaman”). Jadi istilah “gurukula” bermakna “tempat kediaman/tempat sang guru yang mengajarkan kitab suci Weda kepada para murid-muridnya”). Salah satu kitab suci agama Hindu, yakni kitab Srimad Bhagavatam Purana VII.12.1 tertulis demikian:

Sri Narada uvaca
brahmacari guru-kule vasan danto guror hitam
acaran dasavan nico gurau sudrdha-sauhrdah.

Sri Narada said: “A student should practice completely controlling his senses. He should be submissive and should have an attitude of firm friendship for the spiritual master. With a great vow, the brahmacari – student who learns the Veda – live at the gurukula – house of the spiritual master – only for the benefit of the guru”, see A.C. Bhaktivedanta Srila Prabhupada, Srimad Bhagavatam Purana (Mumbai: the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust, 1999), hlm. 681

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